Struct rand::distributions::Standard[][src]

pub struct Standard;
Expand description

A generic random value distribution, implemented for many primitive types. Usually generates values with a numerically uniform distribution, and with a range appropriate to the type.

Provided implementations

Assuming the provided Rng is well-behaved, these implementations generate values with the following ranges and distributions:

  • Integers (i32, u32, isize, usize, etc.): Uniformly distributed over all values of the type.
  • char: Uniformly distributed over all Unicode scalar values, i.e. all code points in the range 0...0x10_FFFF, except for the range 0xD800...0xDFFF (the surrogate code points). This includes unassigned/reserved code points.
  • bool: Generates false or true, each with probability 0.5.
  • Floating point types (f32 and f64): Uniformly distributed in the half-open range [0, 1). See notes below.
  • Wrapping integers (Wrapping<T>), besides the type identical to their normal integer variants.

The Standard distribution also supports generation of the following compound types where all component types are supported:

  • Tuples (up to 12 elements): each element is generated sequentially.
  • Arrays (up to 32 elements): each element is generated sequentially; see also Rng::fill which supports arbitrary array length for integer types and tends to be faster for u32 and smaller types. When using rustc ≥ 1.51, enable the min_const_gen feature to support arrays larger than 32 elements. Note that Rng::fill and Standard’s array support are not equivalent: the former is optimised for integer types (using fewer RNG calls for element types smaller than the RNG word size), while the latter supports any element type supported by Standard.
  • Option<T> first generates a bool, and if true generates and returns Some(value) where value: T, otherwise returning None.

Custom implementations

The Standard distribution may be implemented for user types as follows:

use rand::Rng;
use rand::distributions::{Distribution, Standard};

struct MyF32 {
    x: f32,
}

impl Distribution<MyF32> for Standard {
    fn sample<R: Rng + ?Sized>(&self, rng: &mut R) -> MyF32 {
        MyF32 { x: rng.gen() }
    }
}

Example usage

use rand::prelude::*;
use rand::distributions::Standard;

let val: f32 = StdRng::from_entropy().sample(Standard);
println!("f32 from [0, 1): {}", val);

Floating point implementation

The floating point implementations for Standard generate a random value in the half-open interval [0, 1), i.e. including 0 but not 1.

All values that can be generated are of the form n * ε/2. For f32 the 24 most significant random bits of a u32 are used and for f64 the 53 most significant bits of a u64 are used. The conversion uses the multiplicative method: (rng.gen::<$uty>() >> N) as $ty * (ε/2).

See also: Open01 which samples from (0, 1), OpenClosed01 which samples from (0, 1] and Rng::gen_range(0..1) which also samples from [0, 1). Note that Open01 uses transmute-based methods which yield 1 bit less precision but may perform faster on some architectures (on modern Intel CPUs all methods have approximately equal performance).

Trait Implementations

Returns a copy of the value. Read more

Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

Deserialize this value from the given Serde deserializer. Read more

Note: the String is potentially left with excess capacity; optionally the user may call string.shrink_to_fit() afterwards.

Append len random chars to string

Generate a String of len random chars

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Generate a random value of T, using rng as the source of randomness.

Create an iterator that generates random values of T, using rng as the source of randomness. Read more

Create a distribution of values of ‘S’ by mapping the output of Self through the closure F Read more

Serialize this value into the given Serde serializer. Read more

Auto Trait Implementations

Blanket Implementations

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Performs the conversion.

Performs the conversion.

The resulting type after obtaining ownership.

Creates owned data from borrowed data, usually by cloning. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (toowned_clone_into)

recently added

Uses borrowed data to replace owned data, usually by cloning. Read more

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.